Baklava, rich Turkish, Greek, and Middle Eastern pastry of phyllo (filo) dough and nuts. Phyllo is a simple flour-and-water dough that is stretched to paper thinness and cut into sheets, a process so exacting that it is frequently left to commercial manufacturers. For baklava, 30 or 40 sheets of phyllo, each brushed liberally with melted butter, are layered in a baking pan with finely chopped walnuts, pistachios, or almonds. After the pastry is baked it is drenched with a syrup of honey and lemon juice. Cinnamon, ground cloves, cardamom, or rosewater may flavour either the filling or the syrup.
Kadaifi is one of the most popular Turkish desserts and is made with a special pastry dough of thin thread-like strands, similar to angel hair pasta. Kadaifi is assembled by placing filling at one end and then rolling up the dough—when baked, the finished product looks like shredded wheat. Like many Turkish dessert recipes, a simple syrup is poured over after baking. This not only adds a sweet finish but also acts as a preservative, allowing the pastry to last longer.
Katlama or Katmer is a fried layered bread common in the cuisines of Central Asia. Katlama in traditional Turkish means "folded", which comes from the verb ''katlamak'' "to fold", likely referring to the traditional method of preparation. The Turkish variety katmer is made as a dessert with kaymak (clotted cream) and like many other delicacies from Gaziantep, is also filled and topped with pistachios.